The Nilometer


The Nilometer was used for measuring the water level of the annual Nile flood. The flood took place every year between June and September. When the Nile flooded over, the water lifted around September and October rich soil from the river bottom to the river banks, this provided fertile soil for farming. Sometimes the water would be too high and would wash away the soil and buildings. Sometimes is was too low and there would be a drought.

One of the forms of the Nilometer is a wall with stairs leading to the water and marks in the wall to tell if it would be a good flood, too much water and too little water. The Egypt’s still used the Nilometer today.



Farmers and the government could predict what kind of a crop year they would have by using the Nilometer. If the government predicted a good harvest, using the nilometer, they would raise taxes and if they predicted a bad harvest they’d lower taxes.




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The Nile River: Everyday Life      The Role of Women        The Upper Class

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